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Android’de NotificationManager Kullanarak Bildirim Oluşturma

Android Programlama 6 Eylül 2016
633 Görüntülenme

Merhaba arkadaşlar bu konuda android’de NotificationManager kütüphanesini kullanarak bildirim oluşturacağız. Telefonun ekranına bildirim düşüreceğiz. Aşağıda metodlarımız ve tüm kodlarımızı paylaşacağız isterseniz konun altından gerekli dosyalarıda indirebilirsiniz.

Projede 4 adet metod tanımlanmış ve bunlar mainactivity dosyası içerisinde bulunmaktadır.

  • displayNotification();
  • cancelNotification();
  • updateNotification();
  • displayInBoxNotification();

Metotlara ait kodlara aşağıdan göz atabilirsiniz.

displayNotification()cancelNotification()updateNotification()displayInBoxNotification()

Bu metot ile bildirim ekranı için.

@SuppressLint("NewApi")
  void displayNotification() {
    NotificationCompat.Builder nBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(
        this);
    nBuilder.setContentTitle("Notification");
    nBuilder.setContentText("You have received a new Notification");
    nBuilder.setTicker("New Message");
    nBuilder.setAutoCancel(true);
    nBuilder.setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_tag_logo);
    nBuilder.setNumber(++totalMessages);

    Intent intent = new Intent(this, NotificationClass.class);

    TaskStackBuilder stackBuilder = TaskStackBuilder.create(this);
    stackBuilder.addParentStack(NotificationClass.class);

    stackBuilder.addNextIntent(intent);

    PendingIntent pendingIntent = stackBuilder.getPendingIntent(0,
        PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
    nBuilder.setContentIntent(pendingIntent);

    mNotificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
    mNotificationManager.notify(notificationID, nBuilder.build());
  }

Bu metot bildirimi iptal etmek için.

void cancelNotification() {
  if (mNotificationManager != null) {
    mNotificationManager.cancel(notificationID);
  }
}

Bildirimi güncellemek isterseniz diye kullanabileceğiniz metot

@SuppressLint("NewApi")
void updateNotification() {
  NotificationCompat.Builder mBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(
      this);
  mBuilder.setContentTitle("Updated Notification");
  mBuilder.setContentText("You've got updated Notification.");
  mBuilder.setTicker("Updated Notification Alert!");
  mBuilder.setAutoCancel(true);
  mBuilder.setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_tag_logo);

  mBuilder.setNumber(++totalMessages);
  Intent resultIntent = new Intent(this, NotificationClass.class);

  TaskStackBuilder stackBuilder = TaskStackBuilder.create(this);
  stackBuilder.addParentStack(NotificationClass.class);

  stackBuilder.addNextIntent(resultIntent);
  PendingIntent resultPendingIntent = stackBuilder.getPendingIntent(0,
      PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);

  mBuilder.setContentIntent(resultPendingIntent);
  mNotificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
  mNotificationManager.notify(notificationID, mBuilder.build());
}

Bildirim ekranı tasarımı için metot.

void displayInBoxNotification() {
    NotificationCompat.Builder mBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(
        this);

    mBuilder.setContentTitle("New Message");
    mBuilder.setContentText("You've received new message.");
    mBuilder.setTicker("New Message Alert!");
    mBuilder.setAutoCancel(true);
    mBuilder.setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_tag_logo);
    mBuilder.setNumber(++totalMessages);

    NotificationCompat.InboxStyle inboxStyle = new NotificationCompat.InboxStyle();

    String[] notificationArray = new String[6];
    notificationArray[0] = new String("First Notification...");
    notificationArray[1] = new String("Second Notification...");
    notificationArray[2] = new String("Third Notification ....");
    notificationArray[3] = new String("Fourth Notification.....");
    notificationArray[4] = new String("Fifth Notification....");
    notificationArray[5] = new String("Sixth Notification....");

    inboxStyle.setBigContentTitle("Notification Details.");

    for (int i = 0; i < notificationArray.length; i++) {
      inboxStyle.addLine(notificationArray[i]);
    }
    mBuilder.setStyle(inboxStyle);

    Intent resultIntent = new Intent(this, NotificationClass.class);

    TaskStackBuilder stackBuilder = TaskStackBuilder.create(this);
    stackBuilder.addParentStack(NotificationClass.class);

    stackBuilder.addNextIntent(resultIntent);
    PendingIntent resultPendingIntent = stackBuilder.getPendingIntent(0,
        PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
    mBuilder.setContentIntent(resultPendingIntent);
    mNotificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
    mNotificationManager.notify(notificationID, mBuilder.build());
  }

Aşağıdaki alandan dosyalarda yer alan kodların tam hallerine göz atabilirsiniz.

MainActivity.javaNotificationClass.javaactivity_main.xmlnotif.xml
package com.example.notificationdemo;

import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.app.NotificationManager;
import android.app.PendingIntent;
import android.app.TaskStackBuilder;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.NotificationCompat;
import android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivity;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;

@SuppressLint("NewApi")
public class MainActivity extends ActionBarActivity {

  private NotificationManager mNotificationManager;
  private int notificationID = 100;
  private int totalMessages = 0;
  private Button btnStartNotif, btnUpdateNotif, btnCancelNotif,
      btnInBoxNotification;

  @Override
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
    btnStartNotif = (Button) findViewById(R.id.start);
    btnUpdateNotif = (Button) findViewById(R.id.update);
    btnCancelNotif = (Button) findViewById(R.id.cancel);
    btnInBoxNotification = (Button) findViewById(R.id.bigNotification);

    btnStartNotif.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

      @Override
      public void onClick(View arg0) {
        displayNotification();
      }
    });

    btnUpdateNotif.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

      @Override
      public void onClick(View v) {
        updateNotification();
      }
    });

    btnCancelNotif.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

      @Override
      public void onClick(View v) {
        cancelNotification();
      }
    });

    btnInBoxNotification.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

      @Override
      public void onClick(View v) {
        displayInBoxNotification();
      }
    });
  }

  @SuppressLint("NewApi")
  void displayNotification() {
    NotificationCompat.Builder nBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(
        this);
    nBuilder.setContentTitle("Notification");
    nBuilder.setContentText("You have received a new Notification");
    nBuilder.setTicker("New Message");
    nBuilder.setAutoCancel(true);
    nBuilder.setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_tag_logo);
    nBuilder.setNumber(++totalMessages);

    Intent intent = new Intent(this, NotificationClass.class);

    TaskStackBuilder stackBuilder = TaskStackBuilder.create(this);
    stackBuilder.addParentStack(NotificationClass.class);

    stackBuilder.addNextIntent(intent);

    PendingIntent pendingIntent = stackBuilder.getPendingIntent(0,
        PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
    nBuilder.setContentIntent(pendingIntent);

    mNotificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
    mNotificationManager.notify(notificationID, nBuilder.build());
  }

  void cancelNotification() {
    if (mNotificationManager != null) {
      mNotificationManager.cancel(notificationID);
    }
  }

  @SuppressLint("NewApi")
  void updateNotification() {
    NotificationCompat.Builder mBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(
        this);
    mBuilder.setContentTitle("Updated Notification");
    mBuilder.setContentText("You've got updated Notification.");
    mBuilder.setTicker("Updated Notification Alert!");
    mBuilder.setAutoCancel(true);
    mBuilder.setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_tag_logo);

    mBuilder.setNumber(++totalMessages);
    Intent resultIntent = new Intent(this, NotificationClass.class);

    TaskStackBuilder stackBuilder = TaskStackBuilder.create(this);
    stackBuilder.addParentStack(NotificationClass.class);

    stackBuilder.addNextIntent(resultIntent);
    PendingIntent resultPendingIntent = stackBuilder.getPendingIntent(0,
        PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);

    mBuilder.setContentIntent(resultPendingIntent);
    mNotificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
    mNotificationManager.notify(notificationID, mBuilder.build());
  }

  void displayInBoxNotification() {
    NotificationCompat.Builder mBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(
        this);

    mBuilder.setContentTitle("New Message");
    mBuilder.setContentText("You've received new message.");
    mBuilder.setTicker("New Message Alert!");
    mBuilder.setAutoCancel(true);
    mBuilder.setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_tag_logo);
    mBuilder.setNumber(++totalMessages);

    NotificationCompat.InboxStyle inboxStyle = new NotificationCompat.InboxStyle();

    String[] notificationArray = new String[6];
    notificationArray[0] = new String("First Notification...");
    notificationArray[1] = new String("Second Notification...");
    notificationArray[2] = new String("Third Notification ....");
    notificationArray[3] = new String("Fourth Notification.....");
    notificationArray[4] = new String("Fifth Notification....");
    notificationArray[5] = new String("Sixth Notification....");

    inboxStyle.setBigContentTitle("Notification Details.");

    for (int i = 0; i < notificationArray.length; i++) {
      inboxStyle.addLine(notificationArray[i]);
    }
    mBuilder.setStyle(inboxStyle);

    Intent resultIntent = new Intent(this, NotificationClass.class);

    TaskStackBuilder stackBuilder = TaskStackBuilder.create(this);
    stackBuilder.addParentStack(NotificationClass.class);

    stackBuilder.addNextIntent(resultIntent);
    PendingIntent resultPendingIntent = stackBuilder.getPendingIntent(0,
        PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
    mBuilder.setContentIntent(resultPendingIntent);
    mNotificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
    mNotificationManager.notify(notificationID, mBuilder.build());
  }

  @Override
  public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
    getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
    return true;
  }

  @Override
  public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
    int id = item.getItemId();
    if (id == R.id.action_settings) {
      return true;
    }
    return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
  }
}
package com.example.notificationdemo;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivity;
import android.view.MenuItem;

public class NotificationClass extends ActionBarActivity {

  @Override
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.notif);
    getSupportActionBar().setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);
  }

  @Override
  public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
    if (item.getItemId() == android.R.id.home) {
    }
    return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
  }
}

 

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/start"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="@string/start_note" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/cancel"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="@string/cancel_note" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/update"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="@string/update_note" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/bigNotification"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="@string/big_notification" />

</LinearLayout>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="400dp"
        android:text="Hi, Your Detailed notification view goes here...." />

</LinearLayout>
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