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Android’de NotificationManager Kullanarak Bildirim Oluşturma

  • Android Programlama
  • Savaş Dersim Çelik
  • Salı Eylül 6th, 2016
  • 1.318 Görüntülenme
  • JAVA
  • Mobile

Merhaba arkadaşlar bu konuda android’de NotificationManager kütüphanesini kullanarak bildirim oluşturacağız. Telefonun ekranına bildirim düşüreceğiz. Aşağıda metodlarımız ve tüm kodlarımızı paylaşacağız isterseniz konun altından gerekli dosyalarıda indirebilirsiniz.

Projede 4 adet metod tanımlanmış ve bunlar mainactivity dosyası içerisinde bulunmaktadır.

  • displayNotification();
  • cancelNotification();
  • updateNotification();
  • displayInBoxNotification();

Metotlara ait kodlara aşağıdan göz atabilirsiniz.

displayNotification()cancelNotification()updateNotification()displayInBoxNotification()

Bu metot ile bildirim ekranı için.

@SuppressLint("NewApi")
  void displayNotification() {
    NotificationCompat.Builder nBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(
        this);
    nBuilder.setContentTitle("Notification");
    nBuilder.setContentText("You have received a new Notification");
    nBuilder.setTicker("New Message");
    nBuilder.setAutoCancel(true);
    nBuilder.setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_tag_logo);
    nBuilder.setNumber(++totalMessages);

    Intent intent = new Intent(this, NotificationClass.class);

    TaskStackBuilder stackBuilder = TaskStackBuilder.create(this);
    stackBuilder.addParentStack(NotificationClass.class);

    stackBuilder.addNextIntent(intent);

    PendingIntent pendingIntent = stackBuilder.getPendingIntent(0,
        PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
    nBuilder.setContentIntent(pendingIntent);

    mNotificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
    mNotificationManager.notify(notificationID, nBuilder.build());
  }

Bu metot bildirimi iptal etmek için.

void cancelNotification() {
  if (mNotificationManager != null) {
    mNotificationManager.cancel(notificationID);
  }
}

Bildirimi güncellemek isterseniz diye kullanabileceğiniz metot

@SuppressLint("NewApi")
void updateNotification() {
  NotificationCompat.Builder mBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(
      this);
  mBuilder.setContentTitle("Updated Notification");
  mBuilder.setContentText("You've got updated Notification.");
  mBuilder.setTicker("Updated Notification Alert!");
  mBuilder.setAutoCancel(true);
  mBuilder.setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_tag_logo);

  mBuilder.setNumber(++totalMessages);
  Intent resultIntent = new Intent(this, NotificationClass.class);

  TaskStackBuilder stackBuilder = TaskStackBuilder.create(this);
  stackBuilder.addParentStack(NotificationClass.class);

  stackBuilder.addNextIntent(resultIntent);
  PendingIntent resultPendingIntent = stackBuilder.getPendingIntent(0,
      PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);

  mBuilder.setContentIntent(resultPendingIntent);
  mNotificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
  mNotificationManager.notify(notificationID, mBuilder.build());
}

Bildirim ekranı tasarımı için metot.

void displayInBoxNotification() {
    NotificationCompat.Builder mBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(
        this);

    mBuilder.setContentTitle("New Message");
    mBuilder.setContentText("You've received new message.");
    mBuilder.setTicker("New Message Alert!");
    mBuilder.setAutoCancel(true);
    mBuilder.setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_tag_logo);
    mBuilder.setNumber(++totalMessages);

    NotificationCompat.InboxStyle inboxStyle = new NotificationCompat.InboxStyle();

    String[] notificationArray = new String[6];
    notificationArray[0] = new String("First Notification...");
    notificationArray[1] = new String("Second Notification...");
    notificationArray[2] = new String("Third Notification ....");
    notificationArray[3] = new String("Fourth Notification.....");
    notificationArray[4] = new String("Fifth Notification....");
    notificationArray[5] = new String("Sixth Notification....");

    inboxStyle.setBigContentTitle("Notification Details.");

    for (int i = 0; i < notificationArray.length; i++) {
      inboxStyle.addLine(notificationArray[i]);
    }
    mBuilder.setStyle(inboxStyle);

    Intent resultIntent = new Intent(this, NotificationClass.class);

    TaskStackBuilder stackBuilder = TaskStackBuilder.create(this);
    stackBuilder.addParentStack(NotificationClass.class);

    stackBuilder.addNextIntent(resultIntent);
    PendingIntent resultPendingIntent = stackBuilder.getPendingIntent(0,
        PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
    mBuilder.setContentIntent(resultPendingIntent);
    mNotificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
    mNotificationManager.notify(notificationID, mBuilder.build());
  }

Aşağıdaki alandan dosyalarda yer alan kodların tam hallerine göz atabilirsiniz.

MainActivity.javaNotificationClass.javaactivity_main.xmlnotif.xml
package com.example.notificationdemo;

import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.app.NotificationManager;
import android.app.PendingIntent;
import android.app.TaskStackBuilder;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.NotificationCompat;
import android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivity;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;

@SuppressLint("NewApi")
public class MainActivity extends ActionBarActivity {

  private NotificationManager mNotificationManager;
  private int notificationID = 100;
  private int totalMessages = 0;
  private Button btnStartNotif, btnUpdateNotif, btnCancelNotif,
      btnInBoxNotification;

  @Override
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
    btnStartNotif = (Button) findViewById(R.id.start);
    btnUpdateNotif = (Button) findViewById(R.id.update);
    btnCancelNotif = (Button) findViewById(R.id.cancel);
    btnInBoxNotification = (Button) findViewById(R.id.bigNotification);

    btnStartNotif.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

      @Override
      public void onClick(View arg0) {
        displayNotification();
      }
    });

    btnUpdateNotif.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

      @Override
      public void onClick(View v) {
        updateNotification();
      }
    });

    btnCancelNotif.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

      @Override
      public void onClick(View v) {
        cancelNotification();
      }
    });

    btnInBoxNotification.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

      @Override
      public void onClick(View v) {
        displayInBoxNotification();
      }
    });
  }

  @SuppressLint("NewApi")
  void displayNotification() {
    NotificationCompat.Builder nBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(
        this);
    nBuilder.setContentTitle("Notification");
    nBuilder.setContentText("You have received a new Notification");
    nBuilder.setTicker("New Message");
    nBuilder.setAutoCancel(true);
    nBuilder.setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_tag_logo);
    nBuilder.setNumber(++totalMessages);

    Intent intent = new Intent(this, NotificationClass.class);

    TaskStackBuilder stackBuilder = TaskStackBuilder.create(this);
    stackBuilder.addParentStack(NotificationClass.class);

    stackBuilder.addNextIntent(intent);

    PendingIntent pendingIntent = stackBuilder.getPendingIntent(0,
        PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
    nBuilder.setContentIntent(pendingIntent);

    mNotificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
    mNotificationManager.notify(notificationID, nBuilder.build());
  }

  void cancelNotification() {
    if (mNotificationManager != null) {
      mNotificationManager.cancel(notificationID);
    }
  }

  @SuppressLint("NewApi")
  void updateNotification() {
    NotificationCompat.Builder mBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(
        this);
    mBuilder.setContentTitle("Updated Notification");
    mBuilder.setContentText("You've got updated Notification.");
    mBuilder.setTicker("Updated Notification Alert!");
    mBuilder.setAutoCancel(true);
    mBuilder.setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_tag_logo);

    mBuilder.setNumber(++totalMessages);
    Intent resultIntent = new Intent(this, NotificationClass.class);

    TaskStackBuilder stackBuilder = TaskStackBuilder.create(this);
    stackBuilder.addParentStack(NotificationClass.class);

    stackBuilder.addNextIntent(resultIntent);
    PendingIntent resultPendingIntent = stackBuilder.getPendingIntent(0,
        PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);

    mBuilder.setContentIntent(resultPendingIntent);
    mNotificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
    mNotificationManager.notify(notificationID, mBuilder.build());
  }

  void displayInBoxNotification() {
    NotificationCompat.Builder mBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(
        this);

    mBuilder.setContentTitle("New Message");
    mBuilder.setContentText("You've received new message.");
    mBuilder.setTicker("New Message Alert!");
    mBuilder.setAutoCancel(true);
    mBuilder.setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_tag_logo);
    mBuilder.setNumber(++totalMessages);

    NotificationCompat.InboxStyle inboxStyle = new NotificationCompat.InboxStyle();

    String[] notificationArray = new String[6];
    notificationArray[0] = new String("First Notification...");
    notificationArray[1] = new String("Second Notification...");
    notificationArray[2] = new String("Third Notification ....");
    notificationArray[3] = new String("Fourth Notification.....");
    notificationArray[4] = new String("Fifth Notification....");
    notificationArray[5] = new String("Sixth Notification....");

    inboxStyle.setBigContentTitle("Notification Details.");

    for (int i = 0; i < notificationArray.length; i++) {
      inboxStyle.addLine(notificationArray[i]);
    }
    mBuilder.setStyle(inboxStyle);

    Intent resultIntent = new Intent(this, NotificationClass.class);

    TaskStackBuilder stackBuilder = TaskStackBuilder.create(this);
    stackBuilder.addParentStack(NotificationClass.class);

    stackBuilder.addNextIntent(resultIntent);
    PendingIntent resultPendingIntent = stackBuilder.getPendingIntent(0,
        PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
    mBuilder.setContentIntent(resultPendingIntent);
    mNotificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
    mNotificationManager.notify(notificationID, mBuilder.build());
  }

  @Override
  public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
    getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
    return true;
  }

  @Override
  public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
    int id = item.getItemId();
    if (id == R.id.action_settings) {
      return true;
    }
    return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
  }
}
package com.example.notificationdemo;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivity;
import android.view.MenuItem;

public class NotificationClass extends ActionBarActivity {

  @Override
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.notif);
    getSupportActionBar().setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);
  }

  @Override
  public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
    if (item.getItemId() == android.R.id.home) {
    }
    return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
  }
}

 

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/start"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="@string/start_note" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/cancel"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="@string/cancel_note" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/update"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="@string/update_note" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/bigNotification"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="@string/big_notification" />

</LinearLayout>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="400dp"
        android:text="Hi, Your Detailed notification view goes here...." />

</LinearLayout>
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